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Words in Swedenborg
and Their Meanings in Modern English

by Rev. Frank Rose

(J - P)

JEALOUSY = love of protecting or keeping something precious (L. ZELOTYPIA)
JEHOVAH ZEBAOTH
(Hebrew) = Lord of hosts
JOT
= smallest letter; iota
JUDICIARY SIGNIFICATION
= legal meaning (also transl. JUDICIAL MEANING)
JUSTICE
= rightness; uprightness (also transl. RIGHTEOUSNESS) JUSTIFICATION = making right; making just; God's act of proclaiming the faithful to be just (not used to mean "excuse")
 
 
KNOWLEDGES:
1. knowledges as facts are called KNOWLEDGES,
SCIENTIFICS,
and MEMORY-KNOWLEDGES 2. knowledges as concepts, or ideas about internal things are called KNOWLEDGES or COGNITIONS
 
 
LASTS
= last things in a sequence; the most external things, (also transl.
ULTIMATES)
LATENT
= hidden; concealed
LAUDATION
= praise
LAUREATE
= 1. (n.) someone recognized for an achievement; 2. (adj.) honored; crowned with a Laurel Wreath
LEASTS
= smallest details (also transl. LEAST THINGS, opp. of GREATESTS)
LEAVE
(n.) = consent (also transl. FORBEARANCE)
LEES
= sediment; dregs (also transl. FECULENT THINGS)
LEGUMES
= vegetables (especially ones with edible seeds in pods, also transl. PULSE and VEGETABLES)
LERNAEAN HYDRA
= nine-headed serpent in Greek mythology that lived in the marsh at Lerna
LETTER OF THE WORD
= words and literal meaning of Scriptures (also referred to as THE LETTER; THE SENSE OF THE LETTER and THE LITERAL SENSE)
LEVIATHAN
= large sea animal (compare BEHEMOTH = large land animal - Job 40:15, 41:1)
LIBERALITY
= generosity; kindness
LIBERTINE
= person without sexual restraints
LIBIDINOUS
= lustful
  LIBIDINOUS EFFLUVIUM
= lustful stench; lascivious atmosphere
  LIBIDINOUS PROPENSITIES=
tendencies to being lustful
LICENTIOUS
= immoral; without restraint
LICITNESS
= lawfulness, legality
LIGURE
= dark blue precious stone
LIMBUS
= border; envelope; external covering of the spirit; the border between the spiritual and natural; (also called THE CUTANEOUS ENVELOPE OF THE SPIRIT; usually transl. BORDER or ENVELOPE)
LIMPID
= clear
LITERAL
SENSE = literal meaning of Scriptures (also referred to as THE LETTER
OF THE WORD; THE LETTER
and THE SENSE OF THE LETTER)
LITERATI
(L.) = learned people; well educated people
LORD
= title used of THE LORD JESUS CHRIST; God in Human Form
LOVE OF DOMINION
= love of ruling over others (also called THE
LOVE OF DOMINATING
and THE LOVE OF RULING)
LOVE OF SELF
= selfishness; loving self alone and not others except for selfish advantage
LOVE OF THE SEX
= love of the opposite sex in general; attraction to the opposite sex
LOVE OF THE WORLD
= worldliness; loving material things more than heaven
LOVE TRULY CONJUGIAL
= true marriage love
LOWER EARTH
= region of the Spiritual World, below the World of Spirits and above hell
LUCRE
= greed; love of money
LUCUBRATION
= study; thoughtful essay; portion of a book LUMEN = light
(sometimes used of physical light or deceptive light)
LUMINARY
= source of light (the Sun and Moon are called LUMINARIES)
LUX
(L.) = light (sometimes used of a more spiritual or purer kind of light in contrast to LUMEN)
LUXURY
= overindulgence; riotous living
LUXURIOUS
= extremely self-indulgent; overindulgent; riotous
LYCEUM
= school (Aristotle's school in ancient Greece for youths)
 
MACERATE
= soften by soaking in a liquid
MACHINATION
= trick; wicked scheme; deceitful device
MACROCOSM
= the world on the largest scale; the universe (in contrast to the MICROCOSM = miniature world; the world within an individual)
MAGNANIMITY
= big heartedness; generosity
MALEDICTION
= curse
MALODOROUS=
bad smelling
MAN
= 1. human being; person (male or female); 2. aspect of an individual (for example: THE INTERNAL MAN = the internal part of a person)
MANIFEST
= obvious; visible
MANIFOLD
= having many parts; numerous
MARITAL
= 1. husbandly; belonging to a husband; 2. belonging to marriage
MARRIAGE LOVE
= the love married people have for each other (usually transl. CONJUGIAL LOVE sometimes MARITAL LOVE; for many examples see under
CONJUGIAL)
MARRIAGE OF GOOD AND TRUTH
= bond between good qualities, and true beliefs (also called THE HEAVENLY CONJUGIAL and THE HEAVENLY
MARRIAGE)
MATERIAL IDEAS
= ideas arising out of experience with material or physical things (compare: IMMATERIAL IDEAS= ideas formed from principles, or from inner experiences)
MATRIX
= rock from which a precious stone is taken
MAUSOLEUM
= large building constructed as a tomb
MAXIM
= rule; principle
MEAN
= poor
MEAT OFFERING
= offering of cakes made with flour and other ingredients (also transl. MEAL OFFERING)
MEDIATE
(adj.) = indirect; by means of something else
  MEDIATE GOOD
= indirect good; goodness that is not genuine but is allied   to what is genuine and is useful
  MEDIATE INFLUX
= indirect inflowing; flowing in by means of something   else
  MEDIATELY
= indirectly; by means of a go between
  MEDIATION
= acting as a go between
MEDIUM
= means; go between
MELANCHOLY
= depression
MELANCHOLY ANXIETY
= nervous depression
MEMORIAL
= reminder
MEMORABILIA
= stories; accounts of experiences (also transl. MEMORABLE RELATIONS and MEMORABLE OCCURRENCES)
MEMORY KNOWLEDGES
= knowledges; data; facts (especially those derived from experience; also transl. SCIENTIFICS)
MENS
(L.) = mind (especially the higher levels of the mind, in contrast to ANIMUS which refers to the lower levels of the mind)
MENTAL ADVERTENCE
= mental awareness; noticing; observation;
consciousness (formerly transl. ANIMADVERTENCE)
MERE
= pure; unmixed; undiluted
  CONSISTING OF MERE CORRESPONDENCES
(or PURE
  CORRESPONDENCES)
= consisting entirely of things that correspond;   purely correspondential
  MERE FIRE
= only fire
  MERE MAN
= entirely human; merely human
MERETRICIOUS HIRE
= prostitute's pay
  MERETRICIOUSNESS = prostitution
MERITORIOUS
= looking for a reward of money or merit; merit seeking
MERUM
= pure, undiluted wine
METAPHYSICAL
= beyond nature; beyond the physical
METEMPSYCHOSIS
= reincarnation
METEOR
= 1. meteor; 2. other phenomena in the sky (such as clouds, wind; etc.)
MICROCOSM
= 1. miniature world; 2. human being as a miniature universe
MICRO-URANOS
(also spelled MICROURANOS) = 1. miniature heaven; 2. human being as a miniature heaven
MIND
= spirit; mind (including all levels of love, feeling, thought, memory, etc.)
MINION
= subordinate; slave
MITIGATE
= ease; lessen; soften
MITRE
= headdress worn by a priest or a king
  MITRED PRIMATE
= Bishop with a headdress (also transl. FILLETED
  PRIMATE)
MOTORY LIFE
= ability to move the body (also transl. MOTOR LIFE; in contrast to the SENSITIVE LIFE or the ability to experience sensations)
MOUNTEBANK
= clown; jester (also trans. SOOTHSAYER)
MUMMERY
= ridiculous play acting; something ludicrous
MULTIFARIOUS
= many faceted; various
MUNIFICENCE
= generosity
MURRHINE
= reddish brown (the color of "myrrh") MUST (n.) = 1. freshly
squeezed grape juice; 2. new wine
MUTUAL LOVE
= love and friendship between people; caring more about others than about oneself
MYRIAD
= 1. ten thousand; 2. an indefinitely large number
MYRIADS OF MYRIADS =
ten thousand times ten thousand (millions)
 
NASCENT
= beginning; being born
NATIONS
= gentiles; heathens
NATIVE GIFT
= natural talent
NATURAL
= 1. belonging to nature; worldly; earthly; (used mostly in contrast with"spiritual" rather than in contrast with "artificial") 2. lowest level of the spiritual world; 3. lowest level of the human mind
  NATURAL ANGEL
= angel of the natural heaven
  NATURAL GOOD
= goodness people are born with or acquire because of a
  
good temperament (compare GOOD OF THE NATURAL = good qualities   people on earth acquire by living according to true religious beliefs)
  NATURAL HEAVEN
= lowest of the three heavens (also called THE   LOWEST HEAVEN; FIRST HEAVEN; ULTIMATE HEAVEN)
  NATURAL HISTORY
= study of nature
  NATURAL KINGDOM
= lowest of the three kingdoms of heaven
  NATURAL MAN
= lowest level of the human mind; person whose interests   are mainly on that level
  NATURAL PHILOSOPHY
= physics; natural science
  NATURAL SENSE OF THE WORD
= literal meaning of the Word
  NATURAL THEOLOGY
= theology that comes from the study of nature (in   contrast with theology that is based on revelation)
  NATURAL TRUTH
= scientific truth; knowledges on the natural level of the   mind
  NATURAL WORLD
= this world (as opposed to the SPIRITUAL WORLD)
NATURALISM
= belief in nature (instead of in God)
  NATURALIST
= someone who believes in nature instead, of in God
NECTAR
= drink of the gods (AMBROSIA = food of the gods)
NEFARIOUS
unspeakably bad (also transl. HEINOUS)
NEMESIS
= wrath; revenge (from the Greek goddess of vengeance)
  DIVINE NEMESIS=
God's revenge
NERVELET
= tiny nerve
NEW EARTH
= 1. New Church on earth; 2. new external church
NEW HEAVEN
= 1. New Church in heaven; 2. new internal church
NIDOROUS
= reeking; bad smelling; smelling like burnt flesh (also transl.
MALODOROUS)
NOBLE
= well-known; famous; of superior quality (also transl. NOTABLE)
  THE NOBLE FRENCH NATION
= the well-known French nation
NOISOME ODOUR
= strong offensive smell
  NOISOME TASTE
= offensive taste
NOVITIATE
(n.) = newcomer
  NOVITIATE ANGEL
= newcomer to heaven; newly arrived angel
  NOVITIATE SPIRIT
= newcomer to the spiritual world; someone who has
  
recently died
NOXIOUS=
harmful; destructive
NULLITY
= nothingness
  NULLITY OF GOOD
= total lack of good
NUPTIAL (n.)
= wedding; wedding ceremony
NUPTIAL
(adj.) = related to weddings or to being married
NUTATION
= wobble; nodding motion
NYMPH
= stage in the process of change from caterpillar to butterfly
 
OBFUSCATE
= confuse; make something unclear
OBLATION
= religious offering or sacrifice
OBSEQUIES
= funeral rites
OBSEQUIOUS
= abject and slavish obedience
OBSEQUIOUSNESS
= compliance; yielding to pressure
OBTUSE
= blunt; dull; weak
OCCASION
= opportunity; favorable moment
OCCASION OF EVIL
= favorable moment to do something evil
OCCASIONAL INFLUX
= (a philosophic term that expresses the idea that spiritual things flow into natural ones and not the other way around, also called SPIRITUAL INFLUX and OPPORTUNE INFLOW, the opposite of PHYSICAL INFLUX)
OCCIPITAL REGION
= region at the back of the head OCCIPUT = back of the head
OCHIM
(Hebrew) = howling creatures (possibly screech owls, Isaiah 13:21, transl. "doleful creature" King James Bible)
OCULAR EXPERIENCE
= actual sight; observation
OF
= 1. of; 2. for; 3. from
OFFICE
= job; position; function; service
OFFSCOURING
(n.) = filth; whatever is washed off
OMEN
= favorable opportunity; first sign that the individual is ready for marriage
OMNIPOTENT=
all powerful
OMNIPRESENT
= present everywhere
OMNISCIENT
= knowing all things
OPALINE SILK
= silk the color of an opal; iridescent silk OPINE = offer an opinion
OPPORTUNE TIMES
= favorable moments; advantageous times
OPPORTUNE INFLOW
(see OCCASIONAL INFLUX)
OPTICAL CYLINDER
= highly polished cylinder used to reflect a picture that has been drawn in such a way that it looks distorted on the flat page. The picture looks right when its reflection is seen on the cylinder
OPULENCE
= wealth
  OPULENT
= rich; wealthy
ORBICULAR
= circular; rounded 
ORCHESTRA = balcony
ORDER
(v.) = arrange; put in order
ORDINATE
(v.) = put into order; arrange
  ORDINATION
= ordering; putting in order
ORGAN
= 1. part of the body 2. musical instrument (not necessarily an organ)
OSSEUS
= bony; made of bone; like a bone
  OSSIFIED
= made into bone; calcified
OWN
(n.) = the self; living from and for self; that which comes from self; selfhood; the feeling of self (usually transl. PROPRIUM; also transl. SELFHOOD; and SELF-IMAGE) see under PROPRIUM for various combinations
OVERPLUS
= surplus (also transl. SUPERABUNDANCE)
OVULE
= ovum; egg (also transl. OVULUM)
 
PACIFIC
= peace-making
PALLADIUM
= 1. statue of the goddess "Pallas Athene"; 2. object of worship; 3.
octagonal building in the spiritual world
PALLAS
(pl. PALLASES) = 1. goddess; 2. Pallas Athene PALLID = pale
PALMERWORM
= kind of caterpillar or locust
PANEGYRIST
= person who writes a eulogy in praise of someone who has died (also called a EULOGIZER)
PANGS
= 1. pains; 2. labor pains
PAPAL RELIGION
= Roman Catholic religion
PAPISTS
= Roman Catholics
PARADISE
= park; garden (like the garden of Eden); beautiful landscape
  PARADISAL HEAVEN
= heaven with beautiful flower gardens and parks
PARCHMENT
= document written on a skin
PARNASSIUM
= hill in the spiritual world (near the higher hill HELICON)
  PARNASSIAN
= someone living on Parnassus or Parnassium PARNASSUS = mountain in Greece
PAROXYSM
= convulsion
PARTICULAR (n.)
= detail; specific item (in contrast to GENERAL) PASCHAL SUPPER = Jewish Passover
PASSION
= suffering
  PASSION OF THE CROSS
= Christ's suffering on the cross
PATIENT
= something acted on (compare AGENT = something that acts
on something else)
PATRIARCH
= head or chief of a tribe (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were
"Patriarchs")
PECULIAR
= individual; unique; belonging to; special to
PELLICACY
= having a mistress
PELLUCID
= transparent; clear
  PELLUCIDITY
= clarity; transparency
PENULTIMATE
= second from the last
PENURY OF TRUTH
= lack of truth
PERDITION
= ruin; total destruction
PERFIDIOUS
= treacherous
PERMISSIONS
= things allowed or permitted but not necessarily desired by God
PERSONATE
= impersonate; imitate
PERSPICACIOUS
= smart; clear-sighted; clear-minded
PERSPICUOUS
= distinct; clear
PERSUASION
(n.) = conviction; system of religious belief (mostly used of false beliefs)
  PERSUASIONS
= convictions; opinions; things one is persuaded to believe
  
whether true or false
PERSUASIVE (n.)
= religious belief; persuading influence
PERTINACIOUS
= stubborn
PERTINACITY
= stubbornness; unwillingness to change
PERTURB
= confuse; greatly disturb
PERTURBATION
= great disturbance; confusion
PESTIFEROUS ACCUMULATIONS
= air pollution; toxic substances that have accumulated
PHALANX
= line of soldiers; military formation
PHANTASM
= imaginary mental image; vision; apparition (also called a
PHANTOM)
PHANTASTIC
(also spelled FANTASTIC) = imaginary; visionary; fanciful
  PHANTASTIC ART
= imaginative art
  PHANTASTIC SUN
= imaginary sun
  PHANTASTICAL
(also spelled FANTASTICAL) = imaginary
  PHANTASY
(also spelled FANTASY) = something imagined; illusion
PHANTOM
= vision; ghost; apparition
PHILAUTIA
(Greek) = selfishness; self-love; self-regard
PHLEGM
= mucus
PHYSICAL INFLUX
= physical inflow (from the physical plane to the spiritual
plane; opp. of SPIRITUAL INFLUX)
PIETY
= religious devotion
PLANE
= 1. level surface; 2. level of reality; 3. level of the mind
PLASTIC
= formative; creative
PLEBEIAN
= common; ordinary PLENARY = full; complete
POLYGAMIC BED
= bed that a polygamist uses (a man with more than one wife)
PONTIFF
= Roman Catholic Pope
  PONTIFICAL RELIGION
= Roman Catholic church (also called the PAPAL
  RELIGION)
POPEDOM
= Roman Catholicism
PORPHYRY
= purple-colored precious stone
PORTENT
= prophetic sign or indication
PORTICO
= covered walkway; porch
POSTDILUVIAN MAN
= person who lived after the flood
POSTERIOR
(n.) = 1. something that comes later; 2. something lower
  POSTERIOR
(adj.) = 1. coming later; 2. on a lower level
  POSTERIOR STATE
= later condition or state (in contrast to PRIOR   STATE)
POSTERITY
= descendant; generation
  THIRD POSTERITY
= third generation (etc.)
POSTHUMOUS MAN
= person after death
POTENCY
= power (also used of sexual potency)
  IN POTENCY
= potentially
POU
(also spelled PU, Greek) = somewhere or other (used together with the Latin word UBI to mean "some undefined place")
PRASINOUS
= colored bright green
PRATING
= talking nonsense
PREADAMITE
= person who lived before Adam
PRECIPITATE (v.)
= rush into; act quickly; plunge into
PREDICATED
= affirmed as a quality of something
PREDICATION
= 1. thing predicated; 2. sermon
PREDESTINATE
= predestine; determine ahead of time
PREEMINENT WISDOM=
superior wisdom; greater wisdom than others
PRELATE
= person high in the church hierarchy, such as a bishop or archbishop
PRESENTLY
= soon after; after a slight delay
PREVIDE
= foresee
PREVIDENCE
= foresight
PRIAPUS
(pl. PRIAPI and PRIAPUSES) = lecherous male (from the Greek god of male fertility)
PRIMATE
= Bishop
PRIMES
= first things; things nearest to God (the opp. of
ULTIMATES
= last things; things most remote from God)
PRIMEVAL
= 1. from earliest times; 2. related to first experiences
PRIMITIVES
= beginnings; first principles; the very first forms
  PRIMITIVE CHURCH
= Christian Church in its earliest state (also called THE CHURCH OF THE GENTILES)
PRIMOGENITURE
= birthright; priority of the first born
PRINCIPIATES
= beginnings; origins
PRIOR
= coming earlier in time or essence (in contrast to POSTERIOR)
PRISTINE STATE
= former state; earlier condition; original state
PRIVATION
= deprivation
PRIVY
= outhouse; latrine
PRIVY
(adj.) = private
PRIVY COUNCILLORS=
members of the King's cabinet; King's advisers
PROBITY
= uprightness
PROCEDERE
(L.) = proceeding;. going forth; radiating
PROCLIVITY
= inclination; tendency
PRODIGALITY
= wastefulness
PROFANE
(adj.) = unholy
PROFANE
(v.) = desecrate; defile; mix the holy with the unholy
  PROFANATION
= desecration; mixing the holy with the unholy
PROGENIES
= offspring; children; descendants PROLIFIC = fertile
PROLIFIC
(n.) = living force (sometimes transl. THE PROLIFIC PRINCIPLE)
PROLIX
= too long; long-winded
  PROLIXITY
= long-windedness
PROMULGATE
= declare; publish; make known
PROOF
= evidence; confirmation
PROPER TO
= belonging to
  ITS PROPER LOVE
= its own love
  PROPER POWER
= its own power
PROPINQUITY
= closeness; vicinity
PROPITIATE (v.)
= atone; improve; seek to win favor
PROPITIATORY
= mercy seat in the Tabernacle of Israel (a means of
reconciliation between God and man, Exodus 25:17)
PROPRIAL
= belonging to self; what is one's own
PROPRIAL INTELLIGENCE
= conceit
PROPRIUM
= what is one's own; self; living from and for self; selfhood; the feeling of self (also transl. OWN, SELFHOOD and SELF-IMAGE)
  ANGELIC PROPRIUM
= feeling of self which the angels have
  CELESTIAL PROPRIUM
= heavenly feeling of self that those have who are
  
willing to be led by the Lord (also transl. HEAVENLY PROPRIUM and
  HEAVENLY OWN)
  DIABOLICAL PROPRIUM
= feeling of self that the devils have
  DIVINE PROPRIUM
= sense of self which Jesus had, and which He made   divine
  HUMAN PROPRIUM
= feeling of self that humans have
  INFERNAL PROPRIUM
= hellish feeling of self that devils have
  INTELLECTUAL PROPRIUM, PROPRIAL INTELLIGENCE
= conceit; the   sense that our intelligence is our own
  PROPRIUM OF INNOCENCE
= sense of self that acknowledges that all   that is good is from God
  VIVIFIED PROPRIUM
= sense of self that is made alive in the process of
  
regeneration
  VOLUNTARY PROPRIUM
= self-will; sense that our loves and desires are   our own
PROSTRATE (v.)
= lie face down on the ground (for prayer)
PROVE
= 1. test; 2. confirm; illustrate (not in the sense of "logically convince")
PROXIMATE
= close; very near
  PROXIMATE SENSE
= 1. somewhat deeper meaning of the words very   near to the literal meaning; implied meaning; 2. inner meaning of Scripture   as it applies to the history of churches (also called THE INTERNAL   HISTORICAL SENSE)
  PROXIMATELY
= most nearly
  PROXIMITIES =
ways in which things are close to each other
PRURIENT ITCH
= itching to have sex
PU
(also spelled POU, Greek) = somewhere or other (used together with the Latin word UBI to mean "some undefined place")
PUBES
(L.) = pubic area; pelvis
PUGILIST=
fighter; boxer
PULSE
= vegetables (especially ones with edible seeds in pods, also transl.
LEGUMES
and VEGETABLES)
PUNGENT
= piercing; stinging; biting
PURBLIND
= partially blind
PURE CORRESPONDENCES
(see MERE CORRESPONDENCES)
PURULENT
= festering; infected
PUSTULE
= blister; pimple (also transl. BLAIN)
  PUSTULOUS
= infected; full of pimples
PUTREFACTION
= decay
  PUTRIFY
= rot
PYTHONIC
= related to a spirit medium or oracle

to Q

Back to Introduction

Up

Crown of Revelations
Rebirth, Reincarnation
Correspondency
The Holy Center
Salvation in the Gospels
Psychology of Marriage
Precious Stones
The Human Mind
The Moral Life
Saul, David & Solomon
Bible Lost & Found
The Human Soul
Genesis and Exodus
City of God
Swedenborg Cosmology
Ultimate Reality
The Pattern of Time
Means of Salvation
AIM
NC: Sex and Marriage
Book with Seven Seals
My Lord and My God
Philosopher, Metaphysician
Inspiration of Genesis
Words In Swedenborg
Book Expo
Missionary Talks
Tabernacle of Israel
Canaan
A Brief View of the Heavenly Doctrines
Ancient Mythology
Odhner: Creation
Ten Commandments
Christ and The Trinity
Discrete Degrees
Body Correspondences
Language of Parable
The Ten Blessings
Creation in Genesis
The Third Source
Noble's "Appeal"
Life After Death

 

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